Owning and flying a drone can be fun, exciting, and—if you are doing it for commercial reasons—very lucrative. However, before you go buying a drone, or making your own, it is important to be aware of the regulations surrounding the use of drones so that you don’t find yourself on the wrong side of the law.
Do you need to register the drone with FAA?
The FAA requires you to register as a “modeler” if you intend to fly your drone for recreational purposes. The registration costs $5 and runs for 3 years. The FAA will assign a unique identification which you will need to display on the drone’s exterior. You can easily register your drone online on the FAA portal. If the drone weighs less than 0.55 pounds or is intended for indoor use only, then you don’t have to register it. Drones that weigh more than 55 pounds or are used for commercial purposes can only be registered manually.
Only U.S. citizens or legal permanent residents can register their drones with the FAA. You have to be 13 years of age to be able to register a drone. If you are younger, you will have to have someone older do the registration for you.
Basic rules for recreational drone flying
Now that you are done with the registration, what are some of the basic rules that you will need to abide by? Here are the things you need to know to ensure FAA compliance for drones:
1. Stay below 400 feet
The FAA recommends keeping your drone below 400 feet to avoid the risk of colliding with airplanes.
2. Keep off airports
While you are not restricted from flying your drone within 5 miles of an airport, you will be required to give notice to the airport manager and their air traffic control. This helps prevent collisions with airplanes and ensure the safety of everyone accessing the airport. It is just easier to keep off airports and airplane flight paths.
3. Keep the drone in sight at all times
You should keep the drone in your sight at all times whenever you are flying it outdoors. It might be difficult to rely on binoculars and the drone’s cameras. You should also ensure that you only take the drone out when the weather is clear enough. Clouds and fog can interfere with your vision.
4. Keep the local authority guidelines in mind
Besides the federal regulations issued by the FAA, the local authorities may provide additional guidelines on the use of drones in your state or area. It is always important to check them out so you can avoid trouble as ignorance is never an excuse in the eyes of the law.
5. Respect other people’s privacy
You are only allowed to fly the drone over people who are voluntarily associated with the drone’s activities. You cannot fly your drone over public places such as a beach, stadium or community events where people are gathered. Good judgment and respect for people’s privacy will keep you out of trouble.
Some people could even shoot down your drone when they feel that their privacy is violated. It is always best to explain that you are not using the drone to spy on them and even show them the footage that has been captured on the drone’s camera. Try to resolve the conflict and even offer an apology for making them uncomfortable. If they damage your drone, you can lodge a complaint with the local authorities. Always comply with requests to get your drone out of private property.
6. No flying after dark
Even if your drone has night vision, you are not allowed to fly it during twilight or night. You cannot take your drone out 30 minutes before the official sunrise, nor can you keep flying it 30 minutes past the official sunset.
Remember that even if you meet the FAA compliance for drones, you will still need to observe your own safety and that of those around you when flying your drone. It is advisable to take up insurance for your drone so that you are covered in the event of third-party damages or injury.
Restrictions to flying drones
The FAA restricts you from flying your drone over:
- Washington DC
- Stadiums and sporting events
- Security sensitive airspace
- Restricted airspaces
- Emergency operations such as wildfires and hurricanes.
Basic rules for commercial drone flying
If you are planning to earn an income from your drone (for example, through photography and filmmaking), then there are additional rules regulating professional use of a drone:
- First of all, you will have to pass an FAA test. You will be awarded Part 107 certification after passing the test. You will apply for an RPAS Operator Certificate (ROC) permit and whoever will fly the drone must have a pilot’s license. You can apply for a light permit if your drone weighs less than 8 pounds.
- You will still need to observe the general rules regarding the safe operation of the drone. Breach of the rules can result in a penalty, the possibility of your drone being confiscated, and even imprisonment.
- The FAA can give waivers for some restrictions to commercial drones if you can prove that the planned operation won’t compromise safety.
- The pilot is required to perform visual and operational checks on the drone before it is flown. The communication link between the drone and the control station should be fully functional before take-off.
- You should always avail the drone to the FAA for inspection whenever requested. You should report any serious accidents to the FAA within 10 days. If the accident resulted in injury, unconsciousness, or third party property damage of at least $500, then it is considered serious and must be reported.
FCC drone regulations
Besides the regulations by the FAA, you should also ensure that you meet the FCC compliance for drones. The FCC (Federal Communications Commission) deals with the command and control of the communications system. Your drone will use the electromagnetic spectrum to communicate with the control station and that falls under the FCC. All you need to ensure FCC compliance for drones is to operate the drone within the allowed frequencies.